Malegaon 2008 Blasts: NIA’s plea for custodial interrogation of accused pending in SC for 4 years

October 29, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-india

Malegaon 2008 BlastsMumbai, October 29, 2015: India’s most elite anti-terror investigation team, the National Investigation Agency (NIA) which was established specifically to probe terror-related cases and was assigned investigation of Malegaon 2008 blasts by the UPA government in 2011, never had a chance for custodial interrogation of any of the accused in the case.

On September 29, 2008 four people died and 79 were left injured after a blast using a bike ripped through Bhiku square opposite Shakil Goods Transport Company in Malegaon.

In October 2008, Maharashtra Anti Terrosist Squad (ATS) headed by late Hemant Karkare had arrested 12 people belonging to right-wing organisation Abhinav Bharat for the blasts and filed a charge sheet against them on January 30, 2009. A supplementary charge sheet was filed by ATS on April 21, 2011.

Ministry of Home Affairs transferred investigation of the case from state ATS to NIA with the order dated April 1, 2011 following which NIA registered a fresh FIR under its police station on April 13, 2011.During its initial investigation NIA interrogated all the accused who were charge sheeted by ATS inside Taloja Central Jail in the presence of jailor.

Following this jail interrogation NIA applied for custodial interrogation of three accused Purohit, Dwivedi and Upadhyay before special MCOCA court. The special judge Y D Shinde on July 19, 2011 allowed NIA custody of these accused for eight days between July 22 and July 30, 2011.

The accused appealed against such order before Bombay High Court and secured temporary stay till it decides the matter. The Bombay High Court later on upheld special court’s order on October 20, 2011 and allowed NIA to conduct custodial interrogation of these accused.

The accused immediately appealed this order too before Supreme Court and got operation of it stayed till Supreme Court finally decides the appeal. Ever since then the matter remains stayed before trial court because most of the documents from the trial court were shifted to the apex court for hearing of this matter and hence the trial is virtually stalled.

That means NIA’s plea for custody of the three main accused in the blasts: Lt Col Shrikant Prasad Purohit, Sudhakar Udaybhan Dwivedi alias Dayanand Pandey and Major (retd) Ramesh Upadhyaya has been pending before Supreme Court since November 2011.

After hearing the matter for nearly 40 months, divisional bench of Supreme Court reserved its judgment on February 24, 2015. It has been eight months since the final argument has been made by the senior counsel and Additional Solicitor General for NIA A Mariarputham and Tushar Mehta respectively, along with arguments by many defense lawyers of accused but the Supreme Court has not come out with its order till now.

However, on April 15, 2015 Supreme Court decided all matters in this case except the question of allowing custody of accused to NIA. In his 97-page order Justice Fakkir Mohamed Ibrahim Kalifulla raised doubts over applicability of MCOCA in the case and directed state to establish dedicated NIA court for fresh hearing fpr bail applications of accused.

In this order itself Justice Kalifulla said he will not decide matter of custody to NIA as it was heard before the divisional bench of Supreme Court.

Nevertheless, the complete arguments for the matter of custody were heard by divisional bench of Justice Kalifulla and Justice Abhay Manohar Sapre and order is reserved on February 24, 2015.

Speaking on this delay, Senior High Court lawyer Sharif Shaikh who is also appearing in this case before trial court as an intervener for victims in opposing bail applications of accused, told, “The matter is deadlocked before trial court since four years as accused have challenged their custody but now accused are filling bail applications on the ground of delay. It is not NIA that is causing delay. It is their appeal because of which trail is not proceeding.”

When asked why is Supreme Court taking so long to decide the matter he said, “Earlier the matter was not argued before it due to laxity of NIA and when it was argued supreme court has reserved the order. Normally court never takes this much of time in pronouncing judgment; eight months is too long”.

“It might also be because allowing custody to NIA involves some technical question of law because accused have already been investigated and chargesheeted by ATS and therefore Supreme Court might be cautious in deciding it”, he added.

– tcn

The great Indian silence trick

October 29, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-india

PersecutionKochi, October 26, 2015: Indian media in the past month have been replete with news and opinions about how fast Indians are growing in their intolerance for differences, and how violently dissidents are attacked and even annihilated.

On Oct. 19, for example, Abdul Rashid Sheikh, a member of the Jammu and Kashmir state legislative assembly had black ink thrown at him while he was addressing media at New Delhi’s press club. The same member, a Muslim, was also earlier attacked inside the state assembly house for hosting a “beef party” and for opposing demands to ban the slaughter of cows, an animal Hindus view as sacred.

Villagers in Himachal Pradesh lynched a 20-year-old Muslim for allegedly rustling cattle on Oct. 14. They suspected he was transporting cattle to slaughter them for beef.

A Pentecostal pastor in Jharkand was shot dead Oct. 20.

Malleshappa Kalburgi, a literary figure in Karnataka, was shot dead allegedly because of his writings against superstition and idolatry.

A Muslim man — Akhlaq Ahmed — was lynched in September near New Delhi for allegedly eating beef.

There were also reports about rationalists being shot dead; authors and publishers being attacked; art performances and concerts being picketed; novelists and literary figures being threatened with violence.

The list goes on.

Silence justifies violence

In an effort to justify the attacks, violence against those who defy traditional systems and customs of caste superiority have been portrayed as anti-Indian and anti-Hindu. That makes it easier to silence those who oppose the idea of “one nation, one religion, one culture” that hard-line Hindu groups push forward with considerable speed, challenging the nation’s secular constitution and laws.

These efforts, which were once considered to be on the fringe, are now being violently pushed into India’s social mainstream after the pro-Hindu Bharatiya Janata Party of Prime Minister Narendra Modi gained political prominence and its fanatic ideology began to enjoy tacit support from the government.

Hindu hard-liners consider an official silence to be tacit approval, part of a system that has matured among Bharatiya Janata Party leaders over the years.

When Hindus were attacking Muslims in the riots of 2002 in Gujarat, when Modi was chief minister of the state, he made no public statement condemning the violence that killed some 1,000 people, the majority of them Muslims.

The lynching of Akhlaq evoked no response from Modi for two weeks, until media and activists began to speak about his deafening silence. Finally Modi said the incident was “unfortunate” but failed to condemn it.

And then there were media discussions and opinion columns and even an editorial that blatantly justified Akhlaq’s murder on the grounds that it was a mob reaction to a religious offence.

In television discussions and causal conversations we could hear people condoning the violence and murders related to eating beef.

A journalist who visited the site of the lynching told me: “After all, he had eaten beef.” The journalist sounded as if Akhlaq deserved to be lynched for eating beef. This attitude shows how boldly even educated Indians have come to support violence for the cause of religion.

Religious leaders remain silent

Most frightening is the silence from religious leaders against this violence against human rights.

Except Muslims leaders, no other religious leader — Hindu, Christian, Buddhist, Jain, or Parsi — has made any public statement condemning the lynching of Muslims in connection with beef, or any other extremist action stifling human freedom.

Much of the noise of protest came from civil society groups, rights activists and opposition politicians. One reason for the silence from religious leaders could be an unannounced decision not to antagonize the majority, and their ruling political affiliate.

Agreeing to be silent against injustice for fear of a backlash is a gutless act, even if done in the name of being prudent like serpents. Moving away from the realities of people in order to stand with the ruling class, history has shown, is the best path for religions to walk into irrelevance and ignominy.

The other reason for silence could be sheer inability to respond. That seems to be the real problem with Christian churches in India. A week after the gunning down of a Pentecostal pastor, organized church groups are still collecting details. “We don’t have enough information,” a senior official from that church told me, when asked why there is no response to the murder. He wanted more time to respond.

But if there is no will to act, no amount of time is enough to act.

– ucan

ISIS hostage feels ‘born again’ after witnessing christian captives’ strong faith

October 29, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-world

ISIS terrorist killingSyria, October 28, 2015: A Syrian priest who was held captive for months by the Islamic State terror group before being released said he was kept in an underground dormitory with 250 other Christians who refused to convert to Islam despite being pressured every day.

“The Christians were often questioned about their faith and about the Christian doctrine, and they did not convert to Islam despite much pressure. They were faithful to the recitation of the rosary. This experience of trial strengthened the faith of everyone, including my faith as a priest. It is as if I have been born again,” Father Jacques Murad, prior of the Monastery of Mar Elian, shared of his experience, according to Agenzia Fides.

The Christians the priest refers to are believed to be a group of 250 people kidnapped from the captured city of Qaryatayn.

IS, which has captured several cities across Iraq and Syria, has taken large groups of Christian hostages, and imposed contracts on those who remain, forcing them to live under harsh conditions or be killed.

Murad was abducted by jihadists from the Monastery in the outskirts of Qaryatayn together with a co-worker on May 21, but was finally released on Oct. 11.

Italian news agency ANSA reported that sources close to the priest affirmed he had been freed earlier this month, but they did not provide any details surrounding his release.

The priest said that he kept up hopes despite his kidnapping: “Even while being deported, with my hands tied behind my back, I surprisingly found myself repeating again and again: I am going toward freedom.”

IS, which captured Qaryatayn in August, has forced Christians still living in the city to pay the Islamic jizya tax and agree to a long list of demands if they are to remain at their homes.

The terror group has captured other Christians as well, and is still holding at least 180 Assyrians that it kidnapped in mass raids from villages in the Khabur river valley in February.

Reports emerged in October that the terrorists planning to execute the 180 Assyrians after negotiators failed to meet the high asking price for their release.

The negotiations, led by Bishop Ephrem Otnaial, head of the Church of the East in Syria, have been suspended due to the unbearable demands of the terror group,” revealed Osama Edward, director of the Assyrian Human Rights Network, noting that IS has asked for as much as $12 million.

“ISIS threatened to execute the 180 hostages if we didn’t pay the ransom,” he continued.

It is not yet known what has happened with the captured Assyrians, but IS has already executed scores of Christians and other minorities throughout its captured territory by beheading and other methods.

– christian post

City Harvest Church members support Pastor Kong Hee

October 29, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-lead

City Harvest Church membersSingapore, October 28, 2015: City Harvest Church-affiliated website City News has published a video showing congregants of the Singaporean megachurch voicing their support for Pastor Kong Hee despite the recent guilty verdict.

“Of course I am very saddened by the news because my heart cries out for all of them very much, but most important I believe now is to come together as a family, and be supportive of everything that is happening. We are in prayer, and we are praying for miracles as well. I am most excited today because after seeing the Church coming together and believing in the new management and the boards and the pastors,” says Elim Chew, founder of streetwear brand 77th Street.

Kong and five other CHC members were found guilty last week of misusing more than $35.5 million in church donations to fund the popstar career of Kong’s wife, Sun Ho.

Although the six CHC leaders maintained their innocence, Judge See Kee Oon found that they funneled money to a management company called Xtron, which was handling Ho’s planned U.S. album release.

“Each of them participated and functioned in their own way as crucial cogs in the machinery,” the judge said.

Yahoo News reported that the new video attempts to portray the congregants as universally supportive of the pastor.

“When I first found out about the verdict, I was disappointed. But I believe that God has a plan for this church. I have grown up in this church since I was 3, and I believe that this church is a place where everyone can grow up together,” another congregant says.

The video posted on YouTube had close to 20,000 views as of Wednesday morning, though comments were disabled, and it had more dislikes than likes.

As Yahoo News pointed out, users on other sites such as Reddit have criticized the video, pointing out that since City News is part of CHC, it wouldn’t show congregants criticizing the church leadership.

Kong, who founded CHC in 1989 along with Ho, has posted a few Facebook statements following the verdict, focusing on thanking supporters who stuck by him throughout the trial.

“From the bottom of my heart, thank you so much. Thank you for standing strong in these past five years and five months. Thank you for your steadfast love, belief and encouragement. Thank you for the grace you have shown toward me as your pastor,” Kong wrote on Tuesday.

“Thank you for loving me in my spirituality, and also in my imperfect humanity. I want you to know that your prayers for the team and our families have given us wings to ride on in our darkest moments. I love you very much, City Harvest Church,” he added.

– christian post

Encouraging church signs messages

October 28, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-miscellaneous

The will of God will not take you to where the grace of God will not protect you.

No problem is too great, to place in God’s hands.

If the devil is knocking at your front door, let Jesus answer it.

If you haven’t heard from GOD” lately, Try sending some knee mail!”

Faith is the postage stamp on our prayers.

Need a new life? God accepts trade-ins.

T.G.I.F. – Thank God I’m Forgiven.

True independence is dependence on God.

When you think God is No Where; God is Now Here.

Is temptation knocking? Let Jesus get the door.

Love went from the cradle to the cross.

– fwd: samuel machado

India’s fuel embargo affecting Nepali Christians and the poor as well

October 28, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-india

India’s fuel embargoKathmandu, October 26, 2015: The unofficial embargo on exports to Nepal, which India imposed on Nepal following the promulgation of its new constitution, is affecting not only Nepalis’ daily life, but that of the Christian community as well.

Some Nepali Catholic priests and Christian pastors spoke to AsiaNews about how fuel shortages are preventing the faithful from coming to church to pray and limiting missionary work among the country’s poor.

As they wait for a political solution to the issue, caused by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s hegemonic ambitions, the country’s religious leaders urged their co-religionists to organise prayers and religious services at the local level.

More than a month since the start of the blockade, things in Nepal are getting worse. In recent weeks, gas and fuel supplies from India dropped by 90 per cent. This will negatively impact the country’s growth prospects, already affected by last April’s earthquake.

Basic necessities are in short supply; the transportation system has been disrupted; and schools are closed. The hardships of everyday life are badly affecting relations between communities. Taking part in the country’s most important Hindu festivals is getting harder.

“The Christian community is also facing difficulties,” Rev Nabin Pradhan, pastor at the Church Gyanershor in the capital, told AsiaNews. “The number of visitors is down by 50 per cent and it is not easy to travel. For this reason, the faithful are organising prayer groups in their neighbourhoods.”

For his, Father Ignatius, parish priest at Kathmandu’s Cathedral of the Assumption, said, “We have asked Catholics to continue to recite the daily prayers, read the Gospel and work in favour of the neediest by gathering in groups or with their families.”

By and large, “We are not worried about the Catholic community or the Christian population,” he added. Christians “have skills and ideas to deal with fuel or food shortages. But nearly half of those who visit the churches are catechumens from the poorer classes. They are badly affected by the embargo.”

“Every year, hundreds of non-believers visit Nepal’s churches because they want to convert,” said Rev CB Gahatraj, general secretary of the National Christian Federation. “These people want to learn about the culture and life of the Christian community before their baptism. But in the current situation, they can be disappointed. We have just run out of fuel for our normal religious activities and missionary work.”

Rakes Jenu, a missionary brother who runs a Catholic mission for the poor, cannot get to his workplace. “I really hope the government will solve the problem very soon.”

A Nepali delegation is scheduled to meet Chinese officials today. For the past few weeks, Nepal vetted the possibility of asking for Chinese help. Beijing recently announced that it would send a thousand tonnes of fuel as immediate aid.

An agreement, which should be signed today, would include regular fuel supplies through Nepal’s northern border in replacement of existing supply lines through the southern border with India.

– asianews

Pope shows Udaipur bishop as Gypsies’ vocation example

October 28, 2015 by  
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Indian Bishop Devprasad Ganawa of Udaipur (centre) meeting Pope Francis in the VaticanVatican city, October 27, 2015: Pope Francis on Monday noted there was a strong growth in vocations to the priesthood and ‎religious ‎life from among the gypsy people, holding out an Indian bishop from among them as case in ‎point.

‎‎“Today we have with us Bishop Devprasad Ganawa, a son of this people,” Pope Francis said, ‎pointing ‎to the first bishop from among the gypsies.

Bishop Ganawa, who belongs to India’s Bhil tribe, was appointed in 2009 by Pope Benedict XVI to head the diocese of Jhabua in the northern Indian state of Madhya ‎Pradesh, and then in 2012 to Udaipur in the state of Rajasthan.

Pope Francis’ remark‎ came in his meeting with some 7000 gypsies from around the world who on Oct 26 ended a 4-day ‎pilgrimage to Rome, to commemorate 50 years of the historic visit of Blessed Pope Paul ‎VI to a ‎gypsy ‎camp in Pomezia, near Rome. ‎

“Dear consecrated people, your brothers and sisters look up to you with trust and hope for your ‎role ‎and all you are able to do for reconciliation within society and the Church,” the Pope told the ‎religious ‎and priests from among the nomadic people. He urged them to accompany their ‎people not only in ‎their spiritual journey but also in their daily life with all their struggles, joys and ‎preoccupations. ‎

Noting that the nomadic people are subject to discrimination, Pope Francis said, ‎“No one must feel isolated and no one is entitled to trample on the dignity and the rights of ‎others.” adding, “Time has come to uproot secular prejudice, preconceived ideas and ‎the ‎reciprocal diffidence that are often at the base of discrimination, racism and xenophobia,” ‎the Pope stressed.

The Pope’s meeting with Gypsies wore a carnival look with music and dance. At the end, the Pope crowned a statue of the Virgin Mary with Jesus.

– vatican radio

New Marthoma Yogam (Fellowship of St. Thomas Christians) executive team

October 28, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-india

executive teamRome, October 28, 2015: Marthoma Yogam (Fellowship of St. Thomas Christians) is a voluntary association of the priests, religious and seminarians belonging to the Syro Malabar and Syro Malankara Churches who are at present studying or working in Rome.  It was started on 26 May 1985 with the aim of promoting fellowship, unity and spiritual growth of St. Thomas Christians.  It conducts celebrations and seminars and publishes books for this purpose.

​The Annual Representative Body Meeting of the Mar Thoma Yogam held on Saturday, 24 October 2015 at the Chavara Institute of Indian and Iterreligious Studies​, elected the following persons to the various executive offices.

1. President – Fr Jinu Thekkethalackal
2. Vice President – Sr Grace SIc
3. Secretary – Fr James Mukalumpurath
4. Joint Secretary – Sr Tancy SMS
5. Treasurer – Fr Joby Jose Kochumuttom CMI

– mar thoma yogam

New cases of persecution of Christian women in Pakistan’s Punjab

October 28, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-asia

Asia BibiPakistan, October 27, 2015: In Pakistan’s Punjab province, a Christian woman suffers gang rape, while another was set on fire and nearly burned to death after she refused to marry her former boyfriend. A few weeks ago, another Christian woman was abducted and forced to marry a Muslim man.

The mistreatment of women and religious minorities in Pakistan continue to be the biggest human rights concern in the nation.

A Christian woman in a village in the district of Kasur was raped by three Muslim men who intruded into her home, when the men in the family were out at work. The family has made a police complaint and asked for the help of lawyer Sardar Mushtaq Gill, a Christian.

“It is not easy to find and punish these sort of delinquents. Very often in cases like this the police do little or worse side with the criminals”, the lawyer told Fides. “Christian families or witnesses are pressured to withdraw the charges”, he continues. “Violence against the women and children of religious minorities, the weakest and most vulnerable of persons, is widespread in Pakistan and often passes unaddressed: many cases and stories never come to light and activists who dare to speak out suffer intimidation.

AFP reported last week that 20-year-old Sonia Bibi was nearly burned to death by her disgruntled ex-boyfriend, Latif Ahmed, in the town of Multan.

After Ahmed asked Bibi to marry him and she refused his proposal, Ahmed poured gasoline on Bibi and set her ablaze. Bibi, who suffered 50% burns, is expected to survive.

Local police representative Jamshid Hayat told AFP that Ahmed has been taken into police custody and a preliminary investigation has been launched.

In a third case, Nabila Bibi, a Christian woman, was kidnapped by a Muslim man named Allah Rakha earlier in October in the Changa Manga area of the Punjab province.

Bibi was set to marry her Christian fiance, Sajid Masih, in November. Bibi’s father, Bashir Masih, and other family members searched for her and later filed a complaint with the local police.

The Pakistan Christian Post reports that on Oct. 16, Muslim men went to her father’s home and told him that his daughter had converted to Islam and married a Muslim man. They showed him some documents as proof of her conversion and marriage.

On Oct 22, Bibi’s fiance, his cousins, and Bibi’s father went to Rakha’s home and demanded to see Bibi. They were denied permission and also threatened. When they refused to leave,they were locked up inside Rakha’s mansion. They managed to escape next morning. But later, some Muslim men went to Bibi’s father’s home and found the whereabouts of Bibi’s fianc� Sajid Masih. Sajid fled from his home before the men arrived and is now in hiding.

– ucan

Cebu International Eucharistic Congress to focus on evangelization of Asia

October 28, 2015 by  
Filed under newsletter-world

51st International Eucharistic Congress to be held in CebuVatican City, October 27, 2015: The 51st International Eucharistic Congress to be held in Cebu (Philippines) 24 to 31 January 2016, on the theme: “Christ in you the hope of glory”, will have a strong missionary character to “mirror the Asian Church, reflecting how the Catholic Church carries out the task of evangelization”, claimed Msgr. Jose S. Palma, Archbishop of Cebu, during the presentation of the event, at the Vatican today.

“In recent years – he continued – In recent years, Asia is the continent that has become one of the great engines of world growth in the economic and social point of view. From the religious point of view, however, it is still a continent that has to be evangelized; it is still a continent where the Catholic Church is a small minority; in spite of being the continent where Jesus was born, lived, died and rose again”.

Yet despite centuries of commitment to evangelization, underlined Archbishop Piero Marini, President of the Commission for International Eucharistic Congresses, apart from the exception of the Philippines, “Christianity Today, in Asia, is a tiny reality composed of minorities living and generous. If you consult the latest data of the Vatican Statistical Yearbook, it turns out that Asian Catholics are 134 million, ie 3% of the inhabitants of their continent, but 11% of the world’s Catholics. Pope Francis most recent trips involved those Asian countries with a higher than average number of Catholics, but Catholicism is growing elsewhere, especially in China, India  and Vietnam, this country where growth is exponential, because the 1.9 million Catholics in 1975 has reached 6.8 million today. ”

“The meeting in the Philippines – said Msgr. Marini – is particularly relevant in at least three respects. ” In addition to its historical mission, he indicated its geographical one connected to the recent evangelization of Asia.

The choice of the host city was a geographical one. Cebu “is somewhat in the heart of East Asia, little more than two hours by plane from Hong Kong, Taiwan, Vietnam, and relatively close to South Korea, Japan, India and Australia. There those Christians who, because of the distances and costs, have often been excluded from major international events will especially converge. “

It is also “strictly tied to modern evangelization of Asia”, beyond the relatively small numbers, the Church in Asia must face the challenge of living and recognizing Christianity in historical forms that are different from those we are used to in the West.

Asia, in fact, has never experienced the dynamics – even political – inherited from the empire of Constantine or Charlemagne. Asia has never had a nation whose society defined itself as Christian. The social context in which the Church in Asia is inserted, is made of suburbs and frontiers, of tensions and conflicts of a religious, political and social nature.

In the last 40 years, the continent has been trying to forge its own identity often paying the price of a nationalistic spirit stirred by anti-Western sentiment. Globalization has led to a rapid process of modernization and change and is accompanied by phenomena of secularization while emergency situations are constantly created by the huge plagues of corruption, crime, exploitation of the weak. In addition, the diversity of the many cultures and national identities that form the continent originate from a variety of great religious traditions which today, more than yesterday, are a source of cynically exploited tensions and conflict “.

“But the most serious obstacle to the mission is still the fact that the Catholic Church, for its reliance on rules, funding and authority, continues to be considered associated with the West, and this poses difficulties for most Asians. The Church is often perceived as a foreign body with regards the religious-cultural structure of the Continent.

The Philippines is the only real exception in this panorama. The Christian religion was brought to the archipelago that stretches into the Pacific by the Spaniards and was grafted on the traditional cultures and religions, providing an example of inculturation that has been unmatched in all of Asia. Against this background it is understandable that in a population of over 100 million Catholics exceed 80% and the annual number of baptized persons that is greater than that of Italy, France, Spain and Poland combined. “

The text for the Congress, then, is a “program of dialogue with cultures, religious traditions and the multitudes of the poor.” “It explains how the Eucharist is the source and summit of the Church’s mission and identifies the added value offered by the celebration of the Eucharist for a mission that is committed to raising those enzymes of dialogue, of reconciliation, of peace and the future  for which Asia is thirsty. ”

“The Congress of Cebu towards which we are journeying – concluded Father Victor Boccardi, SSS, secretary of the Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses – invites us to consider the Eucharist as source and summit of the Church’s mission. The report underscores the Eucharist / Mission / New evangelization has found ample illustration in the XIII Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops of 2012 and in the Apostolic Exhortation, Evangelii Gaudium of Pope Francis. The missionary task of the present time has been distilled down to the now well-known expressions of ” outward bound Church ” and “peripheries” (See. Evangelii Gaudium, 20-24)”.

– asianews

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