India: loosing battle to eliminate poverty, hunger and child mortality by 2015

January 7, 2013 by  
Filed under newsletter-india

New Delhi will not achieve some of the Millennium Development Goals set by the UN. Education sector going well: in the next two years, all Indian children will be at least in grade school. Negative data on malnutrition and maternal mortality.

India: loosing battle to eliminate poverty, hunger and child mortality by 2015New Delhi, January 05, 2013: By 2015 India will fail to achieve some of the “Millennium Development Goals”, set by the 191 Member States of the United Nations in 2000 such as eliminating extreme poverty, hunger and child mortality. A serious signal judged by analysts, because it involves one of the strongest economies on the planet. According to a UN report, it will the education sector has instead improved, which promises to provide basic education for all Indian children.

In the report published by the United Nations, the level of poverty is 26.7%, almost three points higher than the target, set at 23.9%. In signing the Goals, India had promised to halve the poverty rate in 1990: 47.8%. However, in the period 2009/2010 the percentage was 29.8%.

In 2015 even the infant mortality rate (IMR) will remain high: 43 children will died per 1,000 live births, compared with the target reduction to 27 deaths. From the figures related to child mortality under five years of age, the rate will be 52 per 1000, instead of 42 per 1000.

Data on maternal mortality is also of concern: in 1990, 437 mothers died every 100 shares. By 2015, New Delhi had set their goal to 109 deaths per 100 thousand.

Negative data also concern malnutrition. According to the UN report, it “continues to be a major barrier.” From 1990 to 2015, the goal was to reduce from 52% to 26% the proportion of underweight children under 3 years of age. However, between 1998-1999 and 2005-2006, the rate fell only from 43% to 40%.

Positive news related to education: statistics show that by 2015 the country will ensure primary education to 100% of Indian children. “Gender equality in primary schools – it says – has already been reached in 2007-2008. That should be achieved in secondary schools in the next two years.”

Agreed after the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, the Millennium Development Goals are eight points to be achieved by 2015. They are: eradicate extreme poverty and hunger, ensuring basic education, promote gender equality, reduce child mortality, improve maternal health, combat HIV / AIDS, malaria and other killer diseases such as tuberculosis, ensure environmental sustainability, develop a global network for development.

– asianews

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