Joblessness highest among Christians, Muslims next

February 22, 2016 by  
Filed under newsletter-india

joblessNew Delhi, February 21, 2016: Joblessness is highest among Christians in comparison with other religious groups, reveals a government survey.

The unemployment rate in the community stood at 4.5% in villages and 5.9% in cities and towns in 2011-12. Muslims come next with an unemployment rate of 3.9% in rural and 2.6% in urban areas.

Joblessness increased in villages across all religious communities, with the unemployment rate increasing from 1.6% in 2004-05 to 1.7% in 2011-12, according to the National Sample Survey Organisation (NSSO).

Many view the high unemployment rate among Christians as also a reflection of the higher education levels of community members who are in job market. Christians have the highest percentage of graduates.

Though the unemployment rate in urban areas came down across all religions from 4.5% in 2004-05 to 3.4% in 2011-12, it remained higher than in rural areas. Unemployment rates were lowest for Sikhs in villages (1.3%) and Hindus in urban areas (3.3%).

The survey has raised serious questions regarding the former UPA government’s policies for inclusiveness, with some analysts arguing that the measures failed to generate enough jobs in villages. Majority of workers in rural areas were self-employed.

The proportion of self-employment among males was the highest for Christians (56.6%); among females the share of self-employment was the highest among Sikhs (79%).

In rural areas, a significant proportion of workers (about 35%) — both males and females were engaged as casual labour. Among males, share of casual labour was the highest for Muslims (37.3%) and lowest among Christians (27.4%) while among females, share of casual labour was the highest among Hindus (36.6%) and lowest among Sikhs (14.8%).

Among rural males and females, proportion of regular wage or salaried employment was the highest for Christians (16.1% for males and 14% for females).

In urban India, the share of self-employed and salaried employees were almost the same. In cities, highest selfemployment was among Muslims and Sikhs male (52.8%) and for females it was the highest for Muslims (61.3%).

The proportion of salaried employment was highest for Christians (49.4%for males and 64.7% for females).

– times of india

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