Pak: Christians threatened while trying to save graveyard *Egyptian Christians fear Islamist victory in presidential elections

May 18, 2012 by  
Filed under newsletter-asia

Pakistan, May 16, 2012: Christians in Pakistan have been threatened and abused while trying to save their community’s graveyard from being turned into farmland in a dubious takeover bid.

Retired army colonel Farrukh Alam has claimed ownership of the 150-acre plot in Bhondary Wala village in the Narang Mandi area, which has been used by Christians as a graveyard since before the creation of Pakistan in 1947.

He claims that while the land had previously been specified as a graveyard for the Christian community, it was taken back in 1983. He says that he has “recently discovered” that the land in fact belongs to him.

Despite failing to produce any proof of this, the colonel has already built a boundary wall, reducing the graveyard to less than a third of its original size, and turned the seized land over to agricultural use.

Christians from the area who are trying to save their graveyard have been threatened and abused by Col. Alam. One of them, Rehmat Masih, took the matter to the police, but they refused to follow up the matter.

The Christians have since gained the support of Additional Home Secretary Asif Bilal, who urged the district police superintendent, “Please help these individuals. Minorities are marginalised segments of our society and need our assistance.”

The superintendent has subsequently taken action, handing an application for the registration of an FIR (First Information Report), which launches an investigation, to the local police. They have said that they will act accordingly after visiting the graveyard.

Col. Alam is the uncle of Muhammad Khurram Gulfam, a Member of the Provincial Assembly who represents the Pakistan Muslim League. Mr Gulfam says that he has asked his uncle to let the Christians use the land for their graveyard.

Christian communities in Pakistan are extremely vulnerable and are often taken advantage of by the powerful. They are marginalised and discriminated against in every aspect of their lives.

– barnabas team

Egyptian Christians fear Islamist victory in presidential elections


Egypt, May 16, 2012: Christians in Egypt fear an Islamist victory in the impending presidential elections as the Muslim Brotherhood candidate vows to implement sharia and polls show support for this agenda. 

The Brotherhood, which has previously presented itself as a moderate Islamist party, is now taking a more overtly Islamic stance. Their candidate, Mohamed Mursi, has vowed to apply sharia if elected as president. He said:

We will not accept any alternative to sharia… The Quran is our constitution and it will always be so.

Mursi has gained the backing of a prominent hard-line cleric and TV preacher, Safwat Hegazy, who compared him to the medieval Muslim leader Salah Al-Din, who united the Muslim world, defeated the crusaders and captured Jerusalem. Hegazy said at a campaign rally:

We are seeing the dream of the Islamic Caliphate coming true at the hands of Mohammed Mursi… The people want to implement god’s law.

A poll conducted by the Pew Research Centre, which interviewed a representative sample of 1,000 Egyptians between 19 March and 10 April on their political views, revealed strong support for this agenda.

Six in ten want Egyptian laws to follow the Quran strictly, while around a third want them to conform to Islamic principles but not strictly follow the Muslim holy book.

When asked whether Turkey or Saudi Arabia was the better model for the role of religion in government, 61% said the latter, where an extreme and puritanical version of Islam, Wahhabism, is strictly enforced. 

The Muslim Brotherhood was given a favourable rating by 70% of the interviewees, five per cent down on last year, with the Brotherhood-affiliated Freedom and Justice Party receiving the highest rating of the political parties, with over half (56%) expressing a positive opinion of them.

The presidential race is however by no means a foregone conclusion. Former foreign minister and Arab League chief Amr Moussa is among the frontrunners; the Pew research found him to be overwhelmingly popular, with an 81% approval rating.

Abdel Moneim Abul Fotouh also fared well, with 58%. Surprisingly, given his more moderate Islamist stance, Abul Fotouh has won the backing of some hard-line Salafists. He was expelled from the Muslim Brotherhood after the revolution because of his insistence that he would run for president. 

The group had initially said that it would not field a presidential candidate but recently changed its position on this. After taking the greatest number of seats in the parliamentary elections, it has found itself largely powerless in the face of the ruling military’s control. The Brotherhood feels it has a right to rule.

Dilemma for Christians

The presidential race poses a great dilemma for the country’s Christians, who have to choose between one of the Islamist candidates and former members of the Mubarak regime. Despite suffering discrimination and persecution under the latter, most would prefer to see one of its contenders win.

George Gamal, a 50-year-old Christian from Imbaba – the scene of a deadly Islamist attack on Christians a year ago – said:

If religion is mixed with politics, this country will be destroyed. It will be an Islamic emirate.

Christians have increasingly been the victims of violent attack since the fall of Mubarak and rise of Islamists within the political sphere. They fear that the country could become a strict Islamic state where their sizeable community of around 8 million people would not be welcome.

Marina Nadi, a Christian business administration student, said that she will not be voting for an Islamist candidate:

The Islamist-dominated parliament has done nothing to allay the Christians’ fears about their future in this country.

Many Christians are backing Moussa, who has advocated a separation of religion and state, while others prefer Ahmed Shafiq, who was Mubarak’s last premier.

Some say that they could live with an Abul Fotouh victory. He has expressed support for a law that would not require official permission for the building of churches or mosques – a matter over which Christians have experienced much discrimination and opposition – and also said that Christians and women should be allowed to run for president.   

The Pew research found that a growing number of Egyptians believe that Islam is playing a major role in the political life of the country: 66% compared with 47% two years ago. And while most interviewees believe that Islam is playing a positive role in the country’s politics, those who say its role is negative has increased significantly, from just two per cent in 2010 to 25% today. 

The presidential elections, which begin on 23 May, will be a further – perhaps decisive – indicator of the extent of the role that Islam will play in Egypt’s future.

– barnabas team

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